English as an Additional Language

What is English as an Additional Language?

EAL is short for English as an Additional Language. The acronym is used to describe the teaching of English where the language is not the first which a person learns. Sometimes you might hear a different acronym, such as ESL – English as a Second Language. It has a similar, though different, meaning.

EAL refers to the teaching of English to pupils who’s primary language is not English or Welsh. As pupils can be fluent in multiple languages, the term additional is used instead of second.

Learners of all ages and backgrounds may have varying levels of English knowledge, with some learning the basics and others having foundational knowledge. Being an EAL learner or not, is not necessarily an indication of ethnicity or culture, or place of birth or origin.

In some places, you may hear it referred to as English/Welsh as an Additional Language.


Top 3 Resources for EAL Learners

The following three websites are useful for EAL teachers and learners, and have a wide range of resources.

Websites for EAL Learners

The following curated list of websites have a specific resources, advice, and support for EAL, ESL, general English language learning, and dual language / multilingual learners.

  1. British Council

For younger learners

Website:  http://learnenglishkids.britishcouncil.org/

Lots of free online games, songs, stories and activities for children to support learning of English Includes:

Website:  https://learnenglishkids.britishcouncil.org/games

Games to play to practice English

For older learners

Website:  https://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar/beginner-grammar

Suitable for beginner learners of English. Practice and improve English grammar with fun videos. Also online exercises and worksheets.

Website:  https://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/study-break/games

Games to improve English vocabulary


Website:  https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/apps

Learn/improve English with apps – games, podcasts, videos and quizzes to help learn English at home

  1. EAL Hwb

Website:  https://www.ealhub.co.uk/home-learning-area/

Many resources suitable for EAL learners at different stages. They also support general literacy needs. There are 3 Tiers: Tier 1 is for EAL learners at the beginning of their learning. Tier 2 focusses mainly on vocabulary development and Tier 3 looks at developing language to a further stage. There are free resources in each section, but others can only be accessed through a paying subscription.

  1. Anglomaniacy

Website:  https://anglomaniacy.pl/

This is a site for children who are learning English as a second/additional language. Lots of online lessons, activities, games, songs and hundreds of printable worksheets that can help with learning English.

  1. Breaking News English

Website:  https://breakingnewsenglish.com/

Free, ready-to-use ESL lesson plans based on the latest breaking news.  7 different levels available across different activities. Therefore suited to different pupils at different levels of EAL acquisition. Activities are designed to be teacher led but tasks included could be undertaken by individuals. New lessons uploaded every 2 days. Each lesson includes a 26-page PDF containing all-skills activities, 5-speed listening, multi-speed scrolled reading, interactive dictation, 30+ online quizzes… and more.

  1. Many things

Website:  www.manythings.org

This web site is for people studying English as a Second Language (ESL) or English as a Foreign Language (EFL). There are quizzes, word games, word puzzles, proverbs, slang expressions, anagrams, a random-sentence generator and other computer assisted language learning activities.

  1. English

Website:  www.english-online.org.uk

English Language Courses for: young learners, beginners, elementary, intermediate,    advanced. Includes games, video tutorials, grammar exercises etc

Suitable for use on smartphones or tablets.

  1. English Banana


This site offers more than 4,000 pages of free printable resources for teaching and learning English and ESL. Suitable for all ages.

  1. Games to learn English

Website:  https://www.gamestolearnenglish.com/ 

A website with games to learn English. It is not focussed on curriculum content but rather focussed on English language learning. It can help to provide primary learners with exposure to listening whilst also allowing them to play games to practice vocabulary and grammar.

  1. ABCYa

Website: https://www.abcy a.com/

This is an American site which provides online, interactive games. It provides exposure to subject content through an English medium with access to lots of written and spoken English language models in the games. This is especially good for narrated stories that highlight the text as its being read aloud.

For Teachers: The following sites are good for teachers to support the learning of newly arrived EAL pupils who are new to English (Stage A) and at the early acquisition stage (Stage B):

  1. Quizlet

Website: https://quizlet.com/en-gb

Quizlet is an American online study app that allows pupils to study information via learning tools and games. It trains pupils via flashcards and various games and tests. It is useful for vocabulary revision and consolidation.

  1. The Scramblinator

Website: http://www.altastic.com/scramblinator/

This can be used to create scrambled sentences for students to practise word order.

  1. Educandy  Website: https://www.educandy.com/     and
  2. Kahoot Website: https://create.kahoot.it/

The above two websites can be used to create interactive learning games for vocabulary practice and reinforcement.

For Teachers: The following are good for teachers to support the learning of Secondary, EAL pupils who are developing competence and/or who are competent (Stages C and D):

  1. Graham Workman’s CLIL materials

Secondary Maths and Science Materials, for maths, biology, physics, and chemistry teachers, which includes language for teaching science and maths subjects.

  1. EAL Nexus’ Great Ideas Pages


The majority of these approaches can be used with all learners, but they are particularly important for EAL learners because they provide a rich context, additional support, opportunities for collaborative learning and exploratory talk, and all the important features of good practice in meeting the educational needs of EAL learners.

  1. English Language Support Programme – Ireland

Secondary EAL learners


Over 10,000 pages of activities in PDF format linked to curricular subjects and examinations (Irish Curriculum) . This website has been designed for use in post-primary schools with resources and activities designed to help all students access post-primary curriculum subjects.
All resources and classroom activities can be downloaded and printed. Activities are suitable for classroom use, homework and self-study. The PDFs can be converted to Word documents allowing activities to be completed electronically.

Primarily designed for newcomer learners of English, the Language Support Activity Units and other activities on this site are equally suited to the needs of all students as they encourage both subject and language learning.

In particular look at:


Resources for teaching English to secondary students at earlier stages of learning English.


Resources for teaching English to KS4 secondary students at earlier stages of learning English.

Also, look at the + Junior Cert Units and + Leaving Cert Units on the menu on the left hand side. When you click on these an additional menu will open up which will take you to different subject/curriculum areas. Whilst the resources/activities are based on the Irish Curriculum, there is commonality to the Welsh Curriculum in many of the areas.

B. Stories/Books/Dual Language:


  1. Children’s Library

Website: http://en.childrenslibrary.org/

– Online books for children in many languages. The website aims to enable families to have access to the books of their culture and language regardless of where they live.

  1. World Stories

Website: https://worldstories.org.uk/

World Stories is a growing collection of stories from around the world. The collection includes retold traditional tales and new short stories in the languages most spoken by UK children – over 30 languages available.

  1. Mantra Lingua

Website: https://uk.mantralingua.com/kitabu

Currently, there are over 550 books and 38 languages in this library. Each book is read aloud in English and your home language. There are folk tales, myths, stories of multi-cultural life here in the UK and reference books. Each book has a video and a set of activities to help build children’s English language skills. The library covers reading ages from 3 to 15 years. This library is free of charge until 31 August 2020.

  1. Story Books Canada

Website: https://www.storybookscanada.ca/

Storybooks Canada is a free open educational resource that promotes literacy and language learning in homes, schools, and communities. There are 40 African stories available with text and audio in 29 different languages, at varying levels of language competency. Click on the Global Story Portal

  1. Audible

Website:  https://stories.audible.com/start-listen

Free audio books, available in six languages (Spanish, French, German, Portuguese, Italian, Dutch and Japanese).

  1. Global Stories

https://globalstorybooks.net/ Global Storybooks is a free multilingual literacy resource for children and youth worldwide.

  1. Shaun Tann’s books

This site uses picture books at different proficiency levels to give more agency to both primary and secondary learners to respond and engage at their current level and to give them opportunities to develop their higher-order thinking skills by thinking about interpretations of pictures and the story.

Website:  http://shauntan.net/books.html

  1. Oxford university Press: English Language Teaching


This site uses Graded Readers, a series of simplified books written for different levels of proficiency in English which include questions to help learners explore language.

General Sites:

  1. Khan Academy

Website: https://www.khanacademy.org/

This site has a wide range of video lectures about different curriculum subjects, both in English and in 30 available languages.

  1. Twinkl

Website: https://www.twinkl.co.uk/resources/english-as-an-additional-language-eal

Here you will find Twinkl‘s collection of EAL (English as an Additional Language) teaching and learning resources. The EAL worksheets, resources & activity sheets are written for teachers, professionals and parents to support them in effectively communicating and learning English as an Additional Language. Includes dual language resources. Does require a subscription to access a number of the resources.

Twinkle are offering a month’s free access to parents to help with teaching resources at home.

www.twinkl.co.uk/offer and enter the code PARENTSTWINKLHELPS

  1. EAL Nexus

Website: https://ealresources.bell-foundation.org.uk/teachers/eal-nexus-resources

EAL Nexus resources are differentiated teaching resources linked to curriculum topics. They are designed to engage EAL learners at all levels (Beginner, Intermediate and Advanced), keeping the language accessible and the cognitive challenge high. They exemplify good practice and link to curriculum topics frequently taught in schools.

All EAL Nexus resources are free to access and download for educational purposes. The downloads are available both in Word (so you can adapt them if required) and in PDF (in case you have a version of Word that is incompatible).

  1. Flash Academy – a range of EAL resources, some of which are free, in particular

Website: https://flashacademy.com/resources/home-learning-project-packs/?mc_cid=700ab21885&mc_eid=5fe3b8221d

Free Remote Working Packs – 4 weeks of projects

This free pack is suitable for all schools to support EAL pupils learning from home due to the Coronavirus. It covers topics from Story Telling and Literacy to Geography and UK culture, providing several weeks of work.

There is also an EAL platform which schools can subscribe to. This is mainly focussed on vocabulary development.

  1. Learning Village

The Learning Village provides online home and school EAL curriculum learning resources for 6 -18 year old English language learners in schools where English is the language of instruction. It facilitates easy differentiation for English as an additional language across your curriculum. It is suitable for home learning as well as blended learning in school. This is subscription based but good value for money. EAL funding could be used to purchase this resource.

More information can be found here: click here and here https://www.learningvillage.net/

Translation Tools


  1. Google translate app – use a phone’s camera to translate text with the Translate app.

Website: https://support.google.com/translate/answer/6142483?co=GENIE.Platform%3DAndroid&hl=en

  1. Immersive Reader in Word online has a translation tool.





Websites – Interactive

https://www.brainpop.com/– Sign in for free access due to Covid-19 BrainPOP Jr. and BrainPOP ELL also great!

www.eslflow.com – KS2

www.agendaweb.org – loads of options for young and old




http://www.funenglishgames.com/ – lot of variety, good for lots of things


http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/websites/4_11/site/literacy.shtml – archived but has good resources

http://www.esltower.com/index.html -limited offer

http://eslkidsworld.com/ – older



https://pbskids.org/ – Videos and games


Online Books

Polish texts taken from the Polish National Curriculum. Arranged by age phase https://lektury.gov.pl




readingteacher.com – free login due to Covid-19


https://bilingualkidspot.com/2019/02/19/free-online-books-for-kids/ – a list of online books

http://en.childrenslibrary.org/ – The International Children’s Digital Library

https://www.storylineonline.net/library/ – Stories read by authors

https://www.childrensbooksonline.org/library-translations.htm – Books in Multiple languages


https://www.mamalisa.com/?t=el -Songs and rhymes from around the world


https://www.storynory.com/ – Audio stories with script. KS2

https://pbskids.org/games/reading/ – reading games

https://www.readingiq.com/web/learning/#/home – levelled books online (US).

Worksheets, General resources for Teachers and Parents

Flashcards, worksheets and handouts to match, phonics worksheets, classroom games, certificate templates, and other activities all ready for printing http://mes-english.com/

Worksheets and activities for parents to use with early learners of English based around family routines: https://en.islcollective.com/english-esl-worksheets/grammar/present-simple-tense/jacksons-daily-routine/123121

www.learningvillage.net – EAL learning for learners in schools. Covers school specific vocabulary, as well as functional English and phonics. Fully image-based so suitable for learners of any language and SEND learners. Assessment embedded.

Glasgow EAL Services has put together a selection of resources here

http://www.collaborativelearning.org/activities.html – General classroom activities adapted for EAL learners



https://www.ealhub.co.uk/ – resources for teachers








http://www.newsinlevels.com/ – current news articles. More for older children.

http://www.readwritethink.org/ –

https://www.ageoflearning.com/schools – this will be free to schools outside the US soon

Four huge lists of online classroom resources has been compiled by a NALDIC (National Association of Language Development in the Curriculum) member hereherehere and here.

Science resources in Polish and English here and here

General Literacy skills


Gill Education have made their Over the Moon Literacy books/workbooks with ebooks available to the public for free for these age groups – Junior Infants (Reception), Senior Infants, First Class and Second Class (Year3). Search here for Over the Moon. https://www.gillexplore.ie/products?Type=1&SubjectList=0&LevelList=0&fbclid=IwAR1NUWmjfo8hicnFaPvhwMUHNcUlfyX5PUOuRD-XoTYbSQKe9v1NfH1YD3o

Graphic Organisers




YouTube and other Videos

Wow English TV

Project Alpha is educational live-streaming TV for kids in Poland (schools also out), interviews, experiments and demonstrations from music through chemistry to zoology and more

Espresso Education

Children’s songs in a variety of different languages (Babel Babies)

Urdu Fairytales

Book Making