Organizations, Institutes and Blogs
The Learning Scientists – a site and blog by cognitive psychologists who work to improve education by advocating science-based learning strategies.
List of articles by prof. Daniel T Willingham – the science behind cognitive processes and implications for teaching and learning.
Deans for Impact – The Science of Learning resources list
Coalition for Psychology in Schools and Education. (2015). Top 20 principles from psychology for preK-12 teaching and learning. American Psychological Association.
Prof. Carl Wieman Science Education Initiative (CWSEI) at UBC – Rich collection of scientific resources and practical guides to transform and improve STEM undergraduate classrooms. Lots to explore, but you can start with this Course Transformation Guide.
Recommended Collections of Resources:
Useful bits and pieces for evidence informed teaching by Adam Boxer, incredibly rich collection about every aspect of evidence informed teaching.
Practice tests, spaced practice, and successive relearning: Tips for classroom use and for guiding students’ learning. by Dunlosky,& Rawson, Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Psychology, 2015.
Teaching the Science of Learning by Weinstein, Madan and Sumeracki, Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2018
Learning Strategies that Work and that Doesn’t by Dunlosky, Rawson, Marsh, Nathan and Willingham, Scientific American Mind, 2013
Principles of Instruction: Research-Based Strategies That All Teachers Should Know by Rosenshine, American educator ,2012
Applying science of learning in education: Infusing psychological science into the curriculum. by Benassi, Overson & Hakala,(2014).
McMaster Symposium on Education and Cognition – Check out videos to learn straight from the researchers
ResearchED youtube channel – Lectures by Teachers, scientists and policy makers on the interaction of research and education.
Retrieval Practice – a site by Pooja K Agarwal (PhD) useful and practical information for using retrieval in the classroom, including a downloadable teachers’ guide.
The Illusion of Competence – when you think you are learning effectively, but actually you are not. some great tips.
Retrieval Practice: The Most Powerful Learning Strategy You’re Not Using – by Jennifer Gonzales from Cult of Pedagogy with Dr. Pooja Agarwal from Retrieval Practice – Field research, and great examples to use in class!
Book: Brown, P. C., Roediger, H. L., & McDaniel, M. A. (2014). Make it stick. Harvard University Press.
For more information, and classroom application click here
Sample of Research Literature:
The critical Importance of retrieval for learning. JD Karpicke and HL Roediger III (2008), Science.
Retrieval practice produces more learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping. JD Karpicke and JR Blunt (2011) Science.
Test-enhanced learning: Taking memory tests improves long-term retention. HL Roediger III and JD Karpicke (2006) Psychological Science.
The ‘Spacing Effect’ in the Classroom
Allocating student study time – “Massed” versus “Distributed” Practice – article for teachers by prof. Daniel T Willingham
Spaced Repetition – theory and practice in just under 8 minutes how to actually do it – Useful Video by Thomas Frank
Long term effect of spaced review in an undergraduate classroom, by Kapler, Weston & Wiseheart (2015) also in this podcast by the Learning Scientists
Successive Relearning (=Spaced Retrieval) – Excellent talk and a beautiful study by Dunlosky, Rawson and Sciartelli (2013) about the long-term effects of research-based practice! also see short summary here
Using spacing to enhance diverse forms of learning: Review of recent research and implications for instruction. Carpenter SK, Cepeda NJ, Rohrer D Kang SH& Pashler H (2012)
Long Term Memory and Working Memory
BOOK: Willingham, D. T. (2009). Why don’t students like school?: A cognitive scientist answers questions about how the mind works and what it means for the classroom. John Wiley & Sons.
Understanding Working Memory – A classroom Guide by Professor Susan E. Gathercole & Dr Tracy Packiam Alloway
Working memory by Alan Baddeley and Graham J. Hitch (2010), Scholarpedia, 5(2):3015.
Baddeley, A. (2012). Working memory: theories, models, and controversies. Annual review of psychology, 63, 1-29.